Hindustan Shipyard Ltd., strategically located on the East Coast of the Indian peninsula, at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, is the nation’s premier shipbuilding organization catering to the needs of shipbuilding, ship repairs, submarine construction and refits as well as design and construction of sophisticated state-of-the-art offshore and onshore structures. Direct sea access, excellent infrastructure, skilled work force, rich expertise garnered over the years in building 179 vessels and repairing 1951 vessels of various types enable HSL to offer competent services for the defence and maritime sectors. Considering the strategic requirements, the yard was brought under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence on 22 Feb 2010. The Registered Office of the company is located in Visakhapatnam and has regional office at New Delhi.


In an entirely indigenous pre-Independence effort, history was made in 1941 when Shri Walchand Hirachand, the second Chairman of the famous Scindia Company chose to launch a shipyard at Visakhapatnam. The shipyard was setup in the name ‘Scindia Steam Navigation Co. Ltd'. Its foundation was laid in the thick of the freedom struggle in June 1941 by Indian National Congress President, Dr. Babu Rajendra Prasad. Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru launched India’s first steam ship ‘Jala Usha’ in 1948 which is first ship launched in India after Independence. After Independence, two thirds of its holdings were acquired by Govt. of India in 1952 and the shipyard was renamed as Hindustan Shipyard Ltd on 21 Jan 1952. Balance one third share was acquired by GoI in Jul 1961 and Hindustan Shipyard Ltd. became a fully owned Govt. of India undertaking under the administrative control of Ministry of Shipping.

Existing Infrastructure and Facilities

Sprawling in an area of 117 acres, the shipyard has an ergonomic layout that ensures unidirectional material flow. 2000 T / month of steel can be processed in the yard with a stockyard that can hold 30,000 tonnes of steel, modern plate and section treatment plant, NC Cutting Machines, heavy duty presses, self-elevating trucks capable of handling blocks up to 250 tonnes and large prefabrication shops with EOT cranes of adequate capacity. The hull construction facilities include a fully-covered Building Dock (240 x 53 M) equipped with cranes of max. capacity of 300 T and three Slip Ways capable of launching up to 33000 DWT. Indeed, the first ever 30000 DWT launch in India was done in 2007 in HSL. The Yard has a long outfitting quay (460 m) of 10 M clear depth equipped with self-contained services and facilities.
Covered Building Dock
Outfit Jetty

Ship Repairs

The Dry dock, constructed in the year 1971, is an important adjunct to the Shipyard for undertaking repairs of ships and oil rigs. With a size of 244 x 38 M, it is capable of handling vessels up to 70,000 DWT. The Dry Dock, the biggest and modern dock in the East Coast, with 544 meters of berths with a depth of 10 M, enable intricate repair jobs on a variety of Naval Ships including Submarines, Merchant Ships and Oil Rigs.

Submarine Refit

HSL happens to be the only yard in India to have carried out the refits of three classes of submarines (refit of two Egyptian submarines in 1971, refit of F-class (INS Vagli) and EKM class (INS Sindhukirti) submarine). The Medium Repair-cum-Modernisation of Russian made INS Sindhukirti, was successfully completed and handed over to the Navy on 26 Jun 2015. This has earned many accolades for the shipyard.
During the refit, nearly 100 Km of cabling and 30 Km of high pressure piping was renewed, thereby making this the most advanced platform ever to be undertaken in an Indian yard proving the Yard’s capability to take up orders to construct generation next submarines. Incidentally, this was the only instance where retrofitting of missile system in an existing submarine was undertaken in the country. The submarine achieved RPM of 350 during its very first sea sortie for Full Power Trials, thus certifying the quality of work by the yard.
INS Sindhukirti
Considering the proven expertise gained in refit of INS Sindhukirti, HSL has been nominated by MoD for undertaking Normal Refit of INS Sindhuvir, the refit of which is scheduled to start from Jun 2017.

Design Resources

HSL has a well-equipped Design & Drawing Office, which in the past has developed in-house design for a number of vessels. HSL’s design department has been recognized as in-house R&D unit by Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology.
HSL's design capability embraces wide spectrum of general and special purpose vessels. In anticipation of the requirement of state-of-the-art resources for taking on the complex design support for the assured orders for SOVs and FSS, design office has been upgraded in the recent past with sufficient number of licenses for Aveva Marine as well as for Auto CAD Mechanical under modernisation program. With these tools, the design office has mastered the art of producing composite drawings which would enable adoption of integrated modular construction methodology with a high level of pre-outfitting of blocks-modules.


To meet the futuristic requirements of Indian Navy and Coast guard including submarines and weapon intensive war vessels, a modernisation program funded by MoD is in progress.
HSL has been nominated from the Indian side by the Ministry of Defence in connection with the ‘Inter-governmental MoU for defence industry cooperation in shipbuilding’ signed by Secretary (Defence Production), GoI and Minister of Defence Acquisition and Program Administration (DAPA), Republic of Korea on 21 Apr 2017. This agreement would pave the way for rendering of expertise by the Koreans to the yard in upgrading and modernising facilities at par with   world class shipbuilding industries.
       300 T Low Bed Transporter - Cometto Make              T-Drill Pipe Flanging & Branching Machines

Technology Up-gradation

HSL has partnered with M/s Tech Mahindra Ltd as System Integrator (SI) to implement SAP ERP and integrate with PLM design software products in order to have a seamless flow of information and to bring in best practices adopted in other Indian and foreign shipyards.


Over the past 15 months, since the current incumbent C&MD RAdm LV Sarat Babu has taken over charge of the Shipyard, the yard has implemented many innovative and constructive initiatives which have resulted in the turnaround of the Yard. The VoP of the Shipyard during the last quarter of 2015-16 more than doubled and the Company earned a profit of Rs 19.00 Cr in 2015-16. During the last financial year (2016-17), the yard posted a profit of around Rs 30 Cr (prov.) Further, the Value of Production which was Rs 294 Cr in the year 2014-15 was substantially enhanced to Rs 593 Cr in 2015-16 and to over Rs 625 Cr (prov.) in 2016-17. The shipyard has achieved highest VoP of around Rs 625 Cr since its inception 75 years ago.
The other operational indices Man Hour per CGT, VoP per employee, employee cost as a percentage of VoP during this period have also improved significantly. With these measures and improved morale, motivation and work discipline the company has made operational profit in the last financial year 2016-17 which is the first in the last 35 years.
The shipyard has set a record by delivering five vessels (3 Nos. 25 T tugs - Sahayak, Balwan, Buland for Indian Navy, 01 No IPV – ICGS Rani Gaidinliu for Coast Guard and 01 No. 50 T tug – Jyestha for Kandla Port Trust) in the calendar year 2016.
IN Tug Sahayak - 27 Jan 16                              IN Tug Balwan - 30 Jan 16
(Delivered in a record time of 10 months from the date of keel laying)
ICGS Rani Gaidinliu - 14 Sep 16                                             IN Tug Buland - 15 Nov 16
Tug Jyestha  - 29 Dec 16
HSL has been selected for Raksha Mantri’s Awards for Excellence for the year 2015-16 in the category of ‘Innovation’ for the following works. Award Presentation Ceremony is scheduled to be held on 30 May 17.
  • Innovative Shafting Work
  • Rudder Carrier Bearings Modification
  • Innovative Welding technique

Product profile

Since inception, the Shipyard has built 179 ships including 11 wellhead platforms and repaired 1951 vessels till date. The product profile includes cargo liners, bulk carriers, passenger vessels, offshore platform vessels, inshore platform vessels, survey vessel, mooring Vessel, HSD oiler, landing ship tanks, training Ship, tugs, supply vessels, drill ship, dredgers, oil recovery and pollution control vessel, research vessel, floating cranes, barges etc. for varied number of customers like Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, ONGC, GML, Port trusts, DCI, SCI, Andaman & Nicobar administration etc. 

Future Projects

The Shipyard has received Letters of Offer for construction of five Fleet Support Ships worth Rs 10,000 Cr and two Strategic Operating Vessels (also called Midgets) amounting to Rs 6000 Cr. The Shipyard is also actively pursuing orders for construction of 2 Nos. Cadet Training Ships and 09 Nos.  25 T Bollard Pull Tugs for Indian Navy and 08 Nos. IPV for Indian Coast Guard.

Quality and Certification

HSL is the first yard in the country to obtain ISO 9001 accreditation. The yard is ISO 9001 - 2008 certified from IRQS for undertaking construction of ships up to 80,000 DWT. The Quality Control Department of HSL has developed comprehensive ‘Quality Management System’ which ensured successful completion of the MR of INS Sindhukirti conforming to stringent quality norms stipulated in Russian Repair Documents.

Strategic initiatives for ‘Make in India’

          HSL is contributing in a big way to this flagship programme of the GoI. To implement this in real sense, the Yard had gone for Consortium with two PSUs (BHEL – expert in heavy machinery and equipment, MIDHANI – specialised in flat products and forgings of special steel and non-ferrous alloys, welding materials etc.). This will complement the unique strength of three PSUs in realising indigenous products. The consortium will jointly bid for the P 75(I) Submarine project for Indian Navy.
To strengthen the capability of Indian shipbuilding industry towards achieving the strategic objectives under the ‘Make in India policy’, the Indian govt. has entered into an Inter-governmental agreement (IGA) with Republic of Korea (RoK) on 21 Apr 17. Recognising the strategic importance of the yard, HSL has been nominated by MoD for collaboration with one of the leading shipyards of South Korea under this IGA.
This serves as an enabling agreement for HSL to get tied up with one of the major shipbuilding giants which will be designated by the Korean government. In line with the initial proposal, HSL will enter into a strategic partnership agreement with the selected Korean company for Transfer of Technology & joint execution of shipbuilding projects ordered on HSL and also for modernization of the yard at par with global shipbuilding giants. 
It is planned to construct the Fleet Support Ship (6 Nos.) project nominated on HSL under collaboration with the designated Korean shipbuilding company realising the Make in India vision of the nation.
Further, HSL has set up Make in India Cell with an objective of ensuring maximum indigenisation. ‘Make in India’ Portal is also launched to attract vendors.

Skill India

HSL has been doing yeomen service to industries in Andhra Pradesh by providing training for technical personnel since inception of the company. All training requirements of yard, at workers and supervisor level, are being met in-house. Thousands of technical personnel, from semi-skilled to graduate engineers have been trained in yard from late sixties. Every year, hundreds of apprentices (ITI, Diploma and Graduate Engineers) are being trained in yard. Students from various engineering colleges and polytechnics are also undergoing internship in HSL as part of their curriculum. 
The yard has provided 29 Nos. marine equipment to Govt. ITI, Visakhapatnam for training purpose. A MoU has been signed on 31 Mar 2017 for Adoption of Govt. ITI, Visakhapatnam in connection with the Skill Development initiative of the govt. 

Support to Ancillary Industries

In many respects, HSL has been the Mother Yard by providing the lead in shipbuilding, Ship Repairs including off-Shore/ on-Shore platforms and rigs and in Submarine Repairs. HSL has also been a Mother yard for training large number of young engineers and workers. HSL has thus achieved many significant milestones earning a name for itself as a ship builder of repute in India and abroad.
Apart from providing a good many jobs to locals, the Shipyard has been instrumental in the rise of a large number of ancillary industries and steel fabrication yards in and around the city and reaching as far as Vizianagaram and Kakinada. 

CSR activities

Despite loss making, the yard is committed to CSR activities. The Yard has identified some of the need-based CSR initiatives for the betterment of the local people with limited financial commitment. Activities like Swachh Bharat Campaign, blood donation Camp, free medical camp and participation in International coastal cleanup day have been undertaken. HSL also supports seven educational institutions set up in the colony. As a part of Community based project, the yard has provided a spacious area with amenities, which gives a platform to small farmers, fishermen, traders to market their products besides making available fresh market produce and essentials at economical price for employees and resident of neighbouring colonies/ townships.