Hindustan Shipyard Ltd., strategically located on the East Coast of the Indian peninsula, at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, is the nation’s premier shipbuilding organization catering to the needs of shipbuilding, ship repairs, submarine construction and refits as well as design and construction of sophisticated state-of-the-art offshore and onshore structures. Direct sea access, excellent infrastructure, skilled work force, rich expertise garnered over the years in building 181 vessels and repairing 1965 vessels of various types enable HSL to offer competent services for the defence and maritime sectors. Considering the strategic requirements, the yard was brought under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence on 22 Feb 2010. The Registered Office of the company is located in Visakhapatnam and has regional office at New Delhi.

HSL Main Gate


The long journey towards making ships in India started during the pre-independent years with the founding of the first green-field shipyard in the year 1941 in the name Scindia Steam Navigation Co. Ltd by the great industrialist and visionary Seth Walchand Hirachand which is today known as the Hindustan Shipyard Ltd.
Walchand selected Vishakhaptnam as a strategic and ideal location and took possession of land in November 1940. The World War II was going on and in April 1941, the Japanese bombed the town. However, Walchand was unfettered and decided to go ahead with his plan of building a shipbuilding industry in India. In the days when it was unthinkable of foundation ceremony to be done by anyone other than British officials, the truly patriotic Walchand decided to break the tradition and the foundation stone for the shipyard was laid by Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 21 June 1941, who was acting Congress President at that time. The first ship to be constructed fully in India after independence was built at the Scindia Shipyard and named Jal Usha. It was launched in 1948 by Jawaharlal Nehru by the first Prime Minister of India, at a ceremony where the families of Seth Walchand Hirachand, late Narottam Morarjee and Tulsidas Kilachand, the partners of Scindia Shipyard, were present along with other dignitaries and industrialists.
Walchand died in 1953, and the Scindia Shipyard continued to flourish under next of kins of founders. However, later on the government of India decided to nationalise the Scindia Shipyard, as it was a sensitive and strategic related to defence sector of the country. After Independence, two thirds of its holdings were acquired by Govt. of India in 1952 and Hindustan Shipyard Ltd was incorporated on 21 Jan 1952. Balance one third share was acquired by GoI in Jul 1961 and the Shipyard became a fully owned Govt. of India undertaking under the administrative control of Ministry of Shipping.
Considering the strategic requirements of the nation, the yard was brought under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence on 22 Feb 2010. The Registered Office of the company is located in Visakhapatnam and has regional offices at New Delhi.
                                                       Contruction in Progress       Seth Walchand Hirachand
‘The launch of India’s first indigenous steam ship Jala Usha’ in 1948 after Independence’
HSL Builders Monument - A tribute to our shipbuilders

Existing Infrastructure and Facilities

Sprawling in an area of 117 acres, the shipyard has an ergonomic layout that ensures unidirectional material flow. 2000 T / month of steel can be processed in the yard with a stockyard that can hold 30,000 tonnes of steel, modern plate and section treatment plant, NC Cutting Machines, heavy duty presses, self-elevating trucks capable of handling blocks up to 250 tonnes and large prefabrication shops with EOT cranes of adequate capacity. 
The hull construction facilities include a fully-covered Building Dock (240 x 53 M) equipped with cranes of maximum capacity of 300 T and three Slip Ways capable of launching up to 33000 DWT. Indeed, the first ever 30000 DWT launch in India was done in 2007 in HSL. The Yard has a long outfitting quay (460 m) of 10M clear depth equipped with self-contained services and facilities.
In addition to the existing facilities, the yard has about 21 Acres of land (OPF Yard) and 20 Acres of land in the Colony which can be effectively utilised for augmenting the existing facilities for new construction projects.
Covered Building Dock
Outfit Jetty
Launching of Vessels at Slipways

Ship Repairs

The Dry dock, constructed in the year 1971, is an important adjunct to the Shipyard for undertaking repairs of ships and oil rigs. With a size of  244 x 38 M, it is capable of handling vessels up to 70,000 DWT. The Dry Dock, the biggest and modern dock in the East Coast, with 544 meters of berths with a depth of 10 M, has accomplished intricate repair jobs on a variety of Naval Ships including Submarines, Merchant Ships and Oil Rigs.

HSL Dry Dock and Wet Basin

Submarine Refit

HSL happens to be the only yard in India to have carried out the refits of three classes of submarines (refit of two Egyptian submarines in 1971, refit of F-class (INS Vagli) and EKM class (INS Sindhukirti) submarine). The Medium Repair-cum-Modernisation of Russian made INS Sindhukirti, was successfully completed and handed over to the Navy on 26 Jun 2015. This has earned many accolades for the shipyard.
During the refit, nearly 100 Km of cabling and 30 Km of high pressure piping was renewed, thereby making this the most advanced platform ever to be undertaken in an Indian yard proving the Yard’s capability to take up orders to construct generation next Greenfield submarines. Incidentally, this was the only instance where retrofitting of missile system in an existing submarine was undertaken in the country. The submarine achieved RPM of 350 during its very first sea sortie for Full Power Trials, thus certifying the quality of work by the yard.
Considering the expertise gained in MR of INS Sindhukirti, HSL has been awarded for Normal Refit of INS Sindhuvir, a Kilo class submarine of the Indian Navy at a cost of Rs 500 Cr. For this project, HSL has signed a contract with SC Zvyozdochka shipyard, Russia on 28 Mar 17 for technical support during NR of INS Sindhuvir at HSL. Refit of the submarine commenced in July 2017 and will continue for a period of 27 months. HSL is geared up to complete this project within the stipulated timelines. 
INS Sindhuvir at HSL Dry
INS Sindhukirti sailing after undergoing medium refit at HSL
INS Sindhukirti at HSL Building Dock

Design Resources

HSL has a well-equipped Design & Drawing Office, which in the past has developed in-house design for a number of vessels. HSL’s design department has been recognized as in-house R&D unit by Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology.
HSL's design capability embraces wide spectrum of general and special purpose vessels. In anticipation of the requirement of state-of-the-art resources for taking on the complex design support for the assured orders for SOVs and FSS, design office has been upgraded in the recent past with sufficient number of licenses for Aveva Marine as well as for Auto CAD Mechanical under modernisation program. With these tools, the design office has mastered the art of producing composite drawings which would enable adoption of integrated modular construction methodology with a high level of pre-outfitting of blocks-modules.

Technology Up-gradation

HSL is also venturing into the latest technological up gradations available in the market, aiming for a seamless process flow of information and to bring in best practices adopted in other Indian and foreign shipyards. HSL has partnered with M/s Tech Mahindra Ltd as System Integrator (SI) to implement SAP ERP and integrate with PLM design software products. This would be first time in any Indian Shipyard that PLM Design software would be integrated with any ERP software. In fact not many shipyards in the world have this feature included in the ERP. The system would be implemented by mid-2018.


HSL improved its efficiency on all parameters in the course of its turn around. It achieved a turnover of Rs 629 Cr for financial year 2016-17, the highest in the last 76 years of the yard’s history and a total income of Rs 650 Cr which has been one of the best during the last five years.
Many new initiatives have been implemented to improve morale, motivation, welfare and work discipline of the employees. Strict control measures have been instituted with a view to economise on the expenditure to the maximum extent feasible. Other operational indices like man-hour per CGT, VoP per employee, employee cost as a % of VoP have improved significantly and these parameters are comparable with any other Defence shipyards.
The efforts to boost the morale of the workforce and improve the efficiency parameters led to achieving the highest operational profit of Rs. 38 crore in the FY 2016-17 after a gap of 35 years compared to Rs. 19 crore during the previous year.
The shipyard posted a profit after tax of Rs 53.77 Cr in the FY 2016-17. The CMD said this was a major achievement after several challenging years. The amount saved due to implementation of a series of austerity measures and rationalisation of expenditure was being spent for renovating the premier shipyard and improving facilities at the employees’ colony at Scindia.

Hon’ble Raksha Mantri’s Award for Innovation

Hon’ble Raksha Mantri Shri Arun Jaitley warded prizes for excellence in various categories to DPSUs on 30 May 2017 at Manekshaw Centre, New Delhi. HSL has been recognised for excellence under the category “own initiative projects” and was awarded a cash prize of Rs 1,00,00/- along with a citation for accomplishing the following innovative projects.
  • Innovative Shafting Work
  • Rudder Carrier Bearings Modification
  • Innovative Welding technique

The yard has also won two awards in the category of ‘Technology Development’ and ‘Technology Innovation’ from Society of Defence Technologists (SODET).

RAdm LV Sarat Babu, C&MD HSL and his team receiving award from Hon’ble Raksha Mantri

Product profile

Since inception, the Shipyard has built 181 ships including 11 wellhead platforms and repaired 1965 vessels till date. The product profile includes cargo liners, bulk carriers, passenger vessels, offshore platform vessels, inshore platform vessels, survey vessel, mooring Vessel, HSD oiler, landing ship tanks, training Ship, tugs, supply vessels, drill ship, dredgers, oil recovery and pollution control vessel, research vessel, floating cranes, barges etc. for varied number of customers like Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, ONGC, GML, Port trusts, DCI, SCI, Andaman & Nicobar administration etc. 

Future Projects

HSL has been declared the lowest bidder (L1) for a Rs 2020 Cr contract for supplying two Diving Support Vessels for Indian Navy. The Bids for 02 Nos. Diving Support Vessels were opened on 12 Sep 17 where Hindustan Shipyard’s bid was found to be the lowest (L&T, GSL and CSL were other bidders for the contract. L&T reportedly quoted a bid price of Rs 3168 Cr, followed by Goa Shipyard at Rs 2172 Cr and Cochin Shipyard’s bid price was Rs 2376 Cr).
The shipyard is to receive orders on nomination basis from the Ministry for construction of 5 Nos. Fleet Support Ships (FSS), the contract cost of which is about Rs 9,500 Cr. It is planned to construct the first ship at Hyundai facility in South Korea and it is expected to roll out in October 2022. Simultaneously, the construction of another FSS would start at HSL with the expert guidance of Hyundai. It is planned to roll out one FSS every 10 months after the delivery of the first vessel from Hyundai. Such ships are used for replenishment of manpower, weapons, and provisions from one vessel to another.
The process of refilling the request for proposal (RFP) on two Special Operational Vessels (SOV) is in process and HSL would get an order for two SOVs on nomination basis. The value of the order for each vessel would be around Rs 2,500 Cr. SOVs are also known as mini submarines or midgets. The construction of SOVs involves complex technology. For HSL, it would not be a difficult task as it has proven experience in submarine retrofitting of INS Sindhukirti and other submarines of the Indian Navy.
Further, HSL is also prevailing on the MoD to nominate HSL for construction of three cadet training ships, nine 25 T Bollard Pull Tugs for the Navy and eight Inshore Patrol Vessels for the Indian Coast Guard for effective utilization of the infrastructure of the shipyard. Apart for this, HSL has requested the MoD to assign MRLC of 3rd EKM submarine to HSL for further consolidation of vertical expertise of the yard in Extended Specialized Submarine repairs and not be dependent on OEM.

Quality and Certification

HSL is the first yard in the country to obtain ISO 9001-2000 accreditation. The yard is ISO 9001 - 2008 certified from IRQS for undertaking construction of ships up to 80,000 DWT. The Quality Control Department of HSL has developed comprehensive ‘Quality Management System’ which ensured successful completion of the MR of INS Sindhukirti conforming to stringent quality norms stipulated in Russian Repair Documents.

Strategic initiatives for ‘Make in India’

To strengthen the capability of Indian shipbuilding industries for achieving the strategic objectives under the ‘Make in India policy’, an ‘Inter-governmental MoU for defence industry cooperation in shipbuilding’ was signed by Secretary (Defence Production), GoI and Minister of Defence Acquisition and Program Administration (DAPA), Republic of Korea on 21 Apr 2017. In view of its strategic location, HSL has been nominated from the Indian side by MoD and M/s Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI), South Korea has been nominated from the Korean side by DAPA for the proposed strategic partnership under this MoU.
Indian Prime Minister Signs MoU at Hyundai Heavy Industries - May 2015
The proposed strategic partnership includes design collaboration, ToT, training, joint construction of future shipbuilding projects awarded to HSL as well as technical assistance for modernization of HSL facilities.
It is intended to construct the Fleet Support Ship (5 Nos.) under collaboration with M/s HHI realising the “Make in India vision” of the nation.
Further, HSL has set up Make in India Cell with an objective of ensuring maximum indigenisation. ‘Make in India’ Portal is also launched to attract vendors.
IGA signed on 21 Apr 2017 by Shri Ashok Kumar Gupta, Secy (DP) and Mr Chang Myoung-jin, Minister of Defense Acquisition Program Administration, South Korea

Skill India

HSL has been doing yeomen service to industries in Andhra Pradesh by providing training for technical personnel since inception. Every year, numerous apprentices (ITI, Diploma and Graduate Engineers) are being trained. Students from various engineering colleges and polytechnics also undergo internship at the Yard, as part of their curriculum. The yard has adopted the Govt. ITI, Visakhapatnam for boosting skill development initiative of the govt.

Support to Ancillary Industries

In many respects, HSL has been the Mother Yard by providing the lead in shipbuilding, Ship Repairs including off-Shore/ on-Shore platforms and rigs and in Submarine Repairs. HSL has also been a Mother yard for training large number of young engineers and workers. HSL has thus achieved many significant milestones earning a name for itself as a ship builder of repute in India and abroad.

Apart from providing a good many jobs to locals, the Shipyard has been instrumental in the rise of a large number of ancillary industries and steel fabrication yards in and around the city and reaching as far as Vizianagaram and Kakinada

CSR activities

The yard is committed to CSR activities. The Yard has identified some of the need-based CSR initiatives for the betterment of the local people with limited financial commitment. Activities like Swachh Bharat Campaign, blood donation Camp, free medical camp and participation in International coastal cleanup day have been undertaken. HSL also supports seven educational institutions set up in the colony. As a part of Community based project, the yard has provided a spacious area with amenities, which gives a platform to small farmers, fishermen, traders to market their products besides making available fresh market produce and essentials at economical price for employees and resident of neighbouring colonies/ townships.